New Delhi: A new policy, designed after eight cabinet sittings were launched by the Education Ministry on Wednesday.
This newly developed policy, allow students the liberty to take breaks during their Undergraduate courses and continue afterwards from where they left.
The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has vastly affected the lives of school and college students. The shifting of the scene from classrooms to the online medium has, at times, turned out to be challenging for both teachers and students.
It is said that the ministry has introduced a credit system with multiple entries and exits like the United States of America. The New Educational Policy 2020 is to focus on quality education so that achieve more international students, as well as Indian students who are studying abroad, can have better options.
The government is also trying to establish a new curriculum in education for students. In this curriculum, the students will have internship programmes and they will also get the opportunity to learn local crafts directly from the artisans.
This policy also gives equal importance to the Research sector. From now on, the National Research Foundation will also finance social science projects other than only focusing on science projects.
The policy also states that there will no hard separations between humanities stream and science stream, vocational and academic streams, curricular and extra-curricular activities to abolish the harsh boundaries which create isolation from other areas of learning.
The Fundamental Principle of the New Education Policy is – Recognizing, identifying, and fostering the talents and unique capabilities of every student. This will be done by sensitizing parents and teachers which will encourage the students’ overall development in academic as well as non-academic fields.
Also, a major decision has been taken for UGC (University Grants Commission) and AICTE (All India Council for Technical Education) that they will be handled by a single regulator which will work via self-disclosure system online which will maintain transparency.
The affiliated universities will also get autonomy on the basis of credits they have.
Students have to appear for common entrance tests to get admission to Universities and higher education.
The Board exams will be divided into objective and descriptive sections to test the knowledge and skills of the students. Hence, mugging up the answers will not be helpful to obtain marks in board exams.
The students will be given more opportunity and flexibility so that they can choose their own path in life on the basis of their talent and knowledge.
Students will study home language or regional or mother language will be medium of instruction up to class V.
The 10+2 structure has been replaced with 5+3+3+4, consisting of 12 years of school and three of Anganwadi or pre-school.
Instead of examinations which are held every year, now the school students will sit only for three – at Classes 3, 5 and 8.
The development of virtual labs and introduction of E-courses in regional languages was also announced in the policy.
Presently, India has 45,000 affiliated colleges across the country. Academic autonomy, undegraded, administrative as well as financial autonomy will be given to the colleges according to the accreditation.
National Assessment Centre PARAKH has been created for the assessment of the students. The national mission will be to concentrate upon basic literacy and numeracy.
Amit Khare, HRD higher education secretary said, “NEP 2020 aims to increase the Gross Enrolment Ratio in higher education including vocational education from 26.3% (2018) to 50% by 2035. At least 3.5 crore new seats will be added to higher education institutions” as said by The Times of India.